Criminal Penalties For Child Abuse Charges

Children occupy a special place in the law. Legal systems agree that children don’t have the mental capacity to care for themselves or make their own choices. When a parent, child caregiver or a guardian commits violence, sexual acts, exploitation or other damaging acts against a child, the state will punish these acts as child abuse. Child abuse covers the same conduct regardless of the state in which the abuse occurs. If you have been charged with this crime, Angel Bail Bonds is a great option for you.

These are the common types of child abuse

Assault

Child abuse laws criminalize physical attacks against children. Minor injuries such as bruises or more severe injuries such as broken bones or burns are all considered abusive.

Discipline

Child abuse charges usually arise when a parent or caregiver attempts to discipline a child. Courts have established that acts of discipline should be taken up under the circumstances of the event and the parent should act in the best interests of the child. An adult can use reasonable actions to discipline their child, but unreasonable acts are usually considered abusive. Courts consider the reasonableness of discipline actions based on factors such as the age of the child, the severity of the effects and the potential harm the child suffered.

Neglect

Accidental injury to a child is not considered abusive. On the other hand, accidents are not the same as careless or negligent actions that are covered under abuse laws. Leaving a child in a house to take care of himself can be an abusive act if the child is too young to take care of himself. Failing to provide regular medical attention, emotional support or adequate shelter will also count as abuse.

Threats

Many state laws consider emotional abuse and verbal threats as child abuse. In this situation, the child doesn’t need to suffer any physical harm for an act to be abusive. For example, a caregiver or a parent who constantly humiliate or terrorize a child have committed child abuse.

Sexual abuse

Sexual actions against a child are considered abusive because they are inhuman and children are not capable of granting consent.

 Criminal penalties for child abuse offenses

Child abuse laws usually allow both misdemeanor and felony punishments for anyone convicted due to this crime. The difference between the two depends on the type of harm the child experiences.

  • Fines: A conviction for child abuse can result in a substantial fine. State laws differ on the fines impose for a child abuse conviction, but fines of several hundred to several thousands of dollars are often common.
  • Incarceration: A misdemeanor conviction may bring a few days, months or up to one year in jail. Felony convictions can usually result in sentences of ten years or more in prison.
  • Probation: the court may give a probation sentences to a couple who exposed their children to domestic violence.

There is no doubt that child abuse is a serious charge. State laws on child abuse can be tough to apply in each situation, and this is why anyone facing child abuse charges must contact a qualified attorney as soon as possible. This video is an example of the several types of child abuse.

How Essential Oils Work Video

essential-oilsMany individuals love to learn about essential oils and how they work. Some might even wonder if essential oil works and if this is real or just a simple thing with plain effects for individuals who are not really completely familiar with essential oils. Essential  oil really work but if you are still in need of more solid information, you can take time to view how essential oils work video to elevate your  knowledge and awareness.

Learn More about Essential Oils through How Essential Oils Work Video

Through this video, you will learn how essential oil helps and benefit the health and body. There are also videos that show how essential oils help alter your emotional, mental and physical well-being through strengthening and triggering the natural processes of the body. These are made up of tiny molecules delivering healing properties into the systems that control people’s psychological state.

There are ways on how the body can benefit from essential oils and one of the best ways of absorbing therapeutic components of essential oils is combination of inhalation through olfactory system and absorption through the skin’s surface.

How Essential Oils Work video can now be accessed and seen online. There are trusted sites presenting and featuring videos that will clearly show you how essential oils work. If you really want to see how these oils work and you also wanted to get the best results, get yourself more familiar and informed by watching how essential oil works. Check out some videos and get to know more about the best essential oils for ear infection and other illnesses.

Many individuals, out of their interest and curiosity are now accessing these videos and fortunately, they are able to get the answers and information they need as far as essential oils and how this oil works are concerned. Through the years, more and more videos are being uploaded serving as ideal sources of knowledge and information about how essential oils work.

Seamless Indoor and Outdoor Tiling Trends

indoor-outdoor tileTiling trends change as people see what others are doing with their tiling and want to emulate them or word starts to spread that one kind of tiling trend isn’t working out very well. One of the trends that has really picked up and gained serious traction is seamless indoor and outdoor tiling.

This means that the same kind of tiling is used indoors as is used outdoors. So, the tiling from the living room can be stretched out the to the patio or the porch and make for a seamless transition. It makes the outdoor parts feel a little more connected to the home’s interior.

It’s also a cost-effective way to tile, as the same kind of tiling can be used in both places. Consumers can save by going bulk with their purchase and simplify things for the tiling specialist. When they get tile flooring in Greer, SC installed this way, they don’t have to pay as much as if they would pay two separate tiling companies to tile the indoor and outdoor areas. They’ll pay less than if they asked for two different kinds of tiles as well.

While this kind of style isn’t practical with every type of tile, it can be done with the right kind of tile. Even wood looks, which are big in tile today and used often by Greer, SC specialists like as tile flooring greer sc can be used outdoors. They have to be thick enough to handle being walked over while placed on gravel, dirt or other varied surfaces. The flooring service would have to use tiles that work outdoors but also look good indoors, and wood-like tiling is usually the preferred way to go with that. That’s because it creates a natural aesthetic that is also considered classy- a perfect look for the indoor and outdoor areas. 2 cm pavers are ideal for this kind of tiling. They are durable enough to be used outdoors, and they are about twice as thick as normal tiles. That doesn’t make them obviously bigger, but they are big enough to get the job done and keep their appealing aesthetic.

Know Make Money Now Online

There so many ways to earn money web some are simple while others are quite complex and difficult nevertheless individuals who practice persistence end up creating a solid monetary footing for their own end and others who turn out to be their personnel. On top of that, chat with random people there will probably be powerful opposition associated with the vast majority of probable software programs on the other hand individuals who employ tricks or discover a unique aggressive edge remain solid. Truthfully chatting, everything fine is a follower of hard work and perseverance and these are the traits that identify somebody having a receiving spirit.nbsp One can Malwarebytes Anti-Malware download sometimes seek out work on the web or initial a web site company potentially they are happy to discover everything as a way to support it and this also could possibly want a initial money as with all other real world company.

Pay a specialist web development company to build useful and desirable web site to provide you with the presence to ensure that website visitors who also turn out to be likely consumers can find it. Getting this step perfect isn’t very difficult if this type of particular person learns how to include things like the exact strategies specified from the At the-business plan while not devoid of some fees and persistence. There are numerous problems that the many happy to Adobe Flash Player seek out or develop job opportunities ought to discover etc might excite the desire to get coaching on Search Engine optimization predominantly to learn how websites have the maximum rankings by search engines like google. For example, what’s available for chooses to sign up an associate internet site, they will have to understand the key advertising and marketing methods to use to ensure that website visitors can find their recommendation inbound links and actually click them.

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How to Save Energy the Right Way

Saving energy isn’t just about unplugging your lamp every once in a while or walking to school twice a month. It’s not about doing the least you possibly can in order to say that you are saving energy. You have to put an effort into it and learn how to save energy the right way. It’s about doing the most you possibly can to have the biggest, or rather the fewest, effects on the environment. You want to keep your energy clean and reduce your carbon emissions as much as possible, and there are a few ways to do that which are definitely the right ways.

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How to Save Energy With Your Car

In the area of your car, for one, there are many things you can do to help the environment. Of course it’s preferable to use your car as little as possible, opting for more eco-friendly options. This isn’t always possible, however, as some people’s entire job revolves around their car. In cases like these the owners of the car must try to make their car as green and environment as possible. Try to get a hybrid car, one that will emit far fewer fumes and add less to the pollution of the atmosphere. Avoid using air conditioning or other extra uses that will cause your car to use more gas and therefore emit more fumes. Keep your car in good condition so that it runs well and therefore fewer pollutants are released. If you can, keep away from using your car as often as possible, but if you can’t then do all you can in your car to keep it eco-friendly.

How to Save Energy With Electricity

An important part of learning how to save energy is to change all the lights and appliances in your house for ones that require less energy. These newer appliances and lights often cost a bit more, which turns people off to the idea of buying them, but people need to realize that it is worth it. They aren’t buying a new blender or a fancy light bulb, they’re investing in a healthier world. Without understanding this people will never take the necessary steps in order to help the Earth.

Saving energy also saves you money, so an idea like investing in solar panels or wind turbines to power your home can be a very good one. There are thousands of options out there, from DIY projects and kits to services that will do all the work for you for a very great price. Consider investing in one of these alternative energy sources as a good way to know how to save energy and money. You will pay initially, but over time your lessened bills will prove the value of your investment.

Learning how to save energy isn’t just about saving money, although that is certainly a part of it. When you know how to save energy and put what you know into practice then you make a real difference in helping the world. Your grandchildren will thank you for it one day in the future.

Cancer Treatment

Cancer: A New Frontier

Any field of study, including cancer research, periodically reviews its basic assumptions. https://www.positivehealthwellness.com/ According to Ralph Moss, Ph.D., an assumption that determined the direction of cancer research for decades was the belief that metastasis happened “relatively late in the course of the disease and that it occurs largely as a result of increasing malignancy in the original (primary) tumor.” He then cited a Science journal publication which challenged this prevailing belief by presenting evidence “contrary to the late-spread hypothesis.”

The article reported that both normal and nonmalignant cancer cells often travel and relocate to organs and tissues in areas that seem unrelated to the route of blood and lymph flow. They perform benign metastasis. In addition, these satellite cells relocate with no signs of genetic anomalies.

Reciprocal Relationships Paradigm
Other published reports demonstrated that surgical removal of the primary tumor in breast cancer patients aggravated some metastasized cells, causing them to become cancerous. The primary tumor actually retarded the development of distal tumors. This work established the existence of a pathological relationship between the primary tumor and the distal cells. However, the potential therapeutic connection between distal cells and the primary tumor has yet to be sufficiently explored.

If the primary tumor impedes the malignancy of distal cells, supporting cellular immunity should have a therapeutic effect on the primary tumor. Candice Pert, Ph.D. proposed that both science and industry must support the neuroimmunological framework of the body’s interconnected systems. Even Kaiser Permanente now offers pre-surgery guided meditation CDs and herbs like Chaparral through its pharmacy because they are considered to be cost-effective treatments.

The flow of neuropeptides plays a critical role in cultivating the internal conditions which enhance existent visceral healing systems (Pert, 1997). Rather than segregating research towards the exclusive development of new uses of chemotherapy, radiation, or invasive surgery, this new paradigm embraced an approach that combines the best of both systems.

Intense Supportive Therapies Need Exposure
Nutritional deficiency caused by standard cancer treatment is common. For example, the detrimental effect of radiation on cellular metabolism often exacerbates cancer when patients ingest foods high in sugar and inflammatory drinks like caffeine for emotional support. Some doctors now advise patients to alkalinize their blood chemistry because cancer thrives in an acidic environment; wheatgrass juice, red clover, garlic, pau d’arco, aloe vera and thyme are effective. This breakthrough combination of allopathic and holistic methods is a sanguine indication of scientific common sense. However, a less well-known treatment called therapeutic apheresis, which filters the blood to initiate an anti-tumor reaction, is still rarely offered to cancer patients.

The Mind-Body Effect on Cancer Research
Observations of an inter-systemic communication system changed the focus of scientific thought from always “fighting” cancer to multiple internal support methodologies. By providing cancer patients access to their own internal neuro-immunological pharmacy through emotional biochemistry, regenerative nutrition, and therapies that improve neuropeptide receptivity in multiple body systems, the internal healing environment is cultivated while the chemistry of cancer undergoes progressive research.

This nascent body of information has significant implications for researchers who seek to balance the current body of work, based on late-metastasis theory, by designing research studies predicated on the new early-metastasis theory.

Is Africa Silent about AIDS?

In the West, most of the media reporting on matters of concern to Africa, especially the HIV and AIDs epidemic, is told through the eyes and experiences of scholars, practitioners in the field, researchers and academics from the West. https://www.nhsheroes.co.uk/ There are few stories told from the South by Africans themselves.

According to Dr. Raymond Downing, an American medical doctor, who, with his medical doctor wife, have been living and practising medicine in different African countries for over fifteen years “Little is reported about what African leaders and scholars think about their own epidemic [AIDS]….Africans have written but for most part are not being read by people in the West. “Thus from our [Western] perspective Africa is “silent” about AIDS”[i]. {Emphasis mine)As They See It: The Development of the African AIDS Discourse

Numerous other scholars from both the West and Africa share similar sentiments. For example Laurie Garrett has noted that nearly all global health projects “have been designed, managed, and executed by residents of the wealthy world (albeit in cooperation with local personnel and agencies).” She states that “Virtually no provisions exist to allow the world’s poor to say what they want, decide which projects serve their needs, or adopt local innovations
[ii].” She concludes that advocacy, the whims of foundations, and the particular concerns of wealthy individuals and governments drive practically the entire global public health effort.

Rev. Sam L. Ruteikara, co-chair of Uganda’s National AIDS-Prevention Committee has lamented the fact that the views of Africans have been ignored. “We, the poor of Africa, remain silenced in the global dialogue. Our wisdom about our own culture is ignored“”
[iii]”.

AIDS expert Helen Epstein writes in a preface to her book “The Invisible Cure,” that “everyone seems to know what Africa needs, but sometimes I think our minds are not really on it.”

Even the famous “Make Poverty History” events around the Group of Eight summit in Scotland in July of 2005 which had “Live 8” rock concerts in nine countries did not feature Africans.. According to Prof . William Easterly, “Everyone, it seems, was invited to the “Save Africa” campaign of 2005 except for Africans[iv].”

Richard Horton the editor of Lancet noted that in the 2006 International Conference on AIDs held in Canada there was no African representative that spoke at the opening session which “sent an incredibly negative signal that Africa lacked leadership on HIV and AIDs and that its people paid the disease far too little attention”.

While I have noted a marked difference in Africans participation in international conferences over the last two decades, the only downside is that these forums are usually largely ceremonial. The declarations and frameworks are debated and agreed upon months if not years ahead of the conferences. In most cases Africans are not involved in those deliberations for various reasons.

It is not only in international forums and conferences that African views are absent – but in the development of specific national strategies and policies For example, the New York Times reported that in 2003 Mozambique had developed a comprehensive HIV national strategy and had agreed with donors to pool their contributions. So they were glad to be designated as one of PEPFAR beneficiaries but were shocked when they were also told, ‘‘We want to move quickly, and we know that your government doesn’t have the capacity[v].” Only after prolonged debates did PEFPFAR finally grant the country the help that they needed by helping Mozambique strengthen its health infrastructure. Mozambique’s north western neighbour, Zambia, had its share of complaints. One government official stated that every aspect of the AIDS response apart from blood transfusion services comes from abroad.[vi].

Of course, the concept of who pays the piper comes into play. When African countries and organisations need funds from Western agencies they need to respond to a Request for Proposals (RFP) which has been previously developed with the priorities and interests of the funding agency. Consequently, in order to be eligible for funds they must tailor or restrict their activities to those that are stated in the RFPs, regardless of what their own priorities and needs may be.

The case for including African people in developing the right responses and solutions to their own problems has long been known and agreed by the international community. Indeed, it can make the difference between the success and failure of a project. A leading light in the AIDS fight from the West, Dr. Paul farmer notes that programs that do not involve the recipients are bound to fail. “When programs are properly designed to reflect patients’ needs rather than the wishes of donors, AIDS funding can strengthen primary care.[vii]”

One example illustrates this very clearly. While the Western world has a microbe-centric medical approach to fighting diseases, Africans have a two-pronged approach to battling diseases. They understand the viral aspect of disease – a microbe causes a disease but they also have a spiritual understanding of disease. This is the reason that according to WHO as many as 80% of Africans consult traditional African healers and use traditional African remedies[viii]. These spiritualists seek to understand why a certain individual becomes infected with a disease while others living in the same microbe context do not. Yet most AIDS approaches, designed without the inputs of the local people have ignored traditional healers and remedies and ridiculed them as charlatans and nothing more than practitioners of witchcraft.

Sometimes hot button cultural issues of the West influence how AIDs projects and policies are developed in other countries – even when those issues are not a priority or even concern of local people. For example, different perspectives regarding abstinence or condom use, homosexuality and illegal drug users, or how to deal or not deal with sex workers have greatly impacted AIDs policies. A former PEPFAR Global AIDS coordinator lamented the politicized HIV debates stating that “The enemy here ought to be apathy, denial and stigma,” he said. “I don’t know why people spend so much time fighting each other.[ix]”

However, while some countries have the wherewithal to resist some of these stipulations many poor countries cannot. In 2005, Brazil turned down $40 million from the United States when it refused to sign on to a policy that condemned sex work. Brazil stated that it had taken the decision “in order to preserve its autonomy on issues related to national policies on HIV and AIDS as well as ethical and human rights principles[x]”.

Cultural ignorance has also affected how AIDs projects are rolled out. For example, the significant decision that had to be made to extend or not extend ARV treatment to Africans rested on the shoulders of a man (a USAID Director) who claimed that this would not be a good idea as “that many Africans cannot tell time well enough to take anti-AIDS drugs”. Speaking in 2001, he explained that the US government would only support prevention and not treatment for Africans as many Africans “do not know what watches or clocks are. They do not use Western means to tell time. They use the sun. These [AIDS] drugs have to be administered in certain sequences, at certain times during the day.”

Fortunately, his views did not carry the day and Africans were provided with the ARVs they needed. In evaluations of their treatment uptake and drop offs Africans proved to be as diligent as other people in Western countries when it came to taking their drugs on time. Had the gentleman spoken to a single African he would have learnt that while they may not have watches they have a very keen sense and concept of and ways to tell time.

[xi]. The essence of a good policy is to develop it from the perspective of those who will be directly affected by it rather than the perspective of the donors or experts. Different people in other cultures are affected differently by the same phenomena. The AIDS epidemic is not the same across Africa. In some countries the prevalence rate is low while in others it is high, in some countries the mode of transmission has changed from traditional ones to injecting drug uses, gays and sex workers. In some countries the prevalence rate has stabilized and in some others it is still rising. In such a diverse context any highly homogenized approaches, whether from Washington DC or from Nairobi are ill advised. It is therefore critical to ensure that local stakeholders are involved in all aspects of any international initiatives through participatory development approaches. The World Bank realized just that much and adopted a strategy that allows individual countries to produce their own Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) that guide national governments policy and include civil society. On the other hand, the Global Fund includes civil society in all stages of decision-making, from sourcing, drafting proposals, and watching over implementation.

In addition to involving stakeholders in all the cycles of a project, there is a need to put in place mechanism for feedback. Markets work because of consumer feedback through their purchasing decisions and democracies work because of the feedback mechanism of regular elections. However, in many non-profit projects or initiatives there is no feedback mechanism to register how the benefeciaries feel about the initiative in question. According to Prof . William Easterly[xii] in his article, “Tone Deaf on Africa,” many big development plans fail to work because they miss the critical elements of feedback and accountability.

African voices on important development issues such as public health and HIV and AIDs can be heard if more people make an effort to seek them out and also oppose efforts to proceed without them. In many parts of the world it would not be acceptable for someone to make decisions affecting another group of people without consulting or involving them. The good intentions of Western nations and organizations can be realized when their own priorities, ideas and interests are placed side-by-side and balanced with those of local communities or organizations which are the voices of the people.

All the Best When it Comes to Office Furniture

Well, what comes into your mind when there is need to purchase office furniture? Certainly the question that first comes into your mind is where I should buy the office furniture from. We all know that there are over a hundred stores that provide the sells of office furniture in the UK alone. The best thing to do at this moment is to find the company that sells the best range of these office products. The company should also have much emphasis on the style of the office furniture. Well, you need not to look further any more as our company has all this to offer. Flood Restoration Brisbane We offer the best when it comes to the styles off your office chairs and furniture in general. When it comes to the office chairs we offer the most comfortable office chairs on the market today. We have carefully studied our products and we can clearly state why these products should be amongst the best selling on the market.

The office is one place that the company should treasure the most when it comes to the best setup. The office reflects the true image of the company in general so there is need that you get the best furniture in this room. The office furniture over the past years has been improved and a more of fashion trend has been seen to creep into the world of office furniture. The styles of the chairs have improved and are much out there to impress your eyes. Well, we have taken most of these aspects into consideration that is why we produce the best when it comes to the office chairs.
Our company offers a wide range of office chairs from the simple and normal office chairs to the very much executive leather office chairs. These leather chairs are by now the best office chairs that we have to offer. There is so much beauty in these office chairs that the moment you take a glance at the office chair you will want to have one in your office. Well, if you are operating a business that is still growing and you know that it will be big one day, it’s high time you put the best in your office. You can come to us and we will give you the best chairs that make your office much executive. Click here for more information

The moment people walk right into your office they will be chaffed by the chairs in your office. Be it a business talk or a meeting with the banker of your company you are guaranteed to get best results. Our furniture is out there to perform wonders for you, both in impressing the clients and making them feel welcome. Thanks for visiting!

Are You In Need Of A Car

Car shopping can take a lengthy process. There are many types of things to consider. This is why having great information is essential. Here is some tips that will help you buy a good purchase without hassle. MFD Is your #1 service provider!

You should apply for a car loan before going into the dealership.If you have a loan in-hand when you visit the dealership, the whole process will be easier.

Shop around online before you go to a dealership. You shouldn’t visit the dealership after you know precisely which make and model you want. You should look online and research the makes and models that are most suitable for you, which cars are the safest and other things that a dealership won’t tell you.

Search the Internet for great offers.You can save thousands by doing online research. After you identify the car you want, just head over to the dealership to arrange for a purchase. If the dealership that has the vehicle is not too long of a drive, make the drive to save the most money.

Know what type of vehicle you want before going to a lot. Look online to see what is best for your personal situation.You will also be able to find a car you choose so that you’re not tricked by a salesman.

Talk to friends and family to discover their opinions. How do they with their vehicles? Do they have regrets about the one they have? What have they hearing about different cars that are out there?

Test the merchandise before you purchase.

Never discuss down payments, what you have down, or trade-ins until you’ve established an actual price on your desired car. These options should be subtracted from the bottom line price. You can get a much better price if you do it this way.

Test driving a car before buying it. No matter how perfect the car looks, test it out before you buy. There is nothing that can replace the actual experience of driving the car.You may find that the car has a rougher ride or coarse handling.

Rent cars to test it out. This will give you get a chance to spend some time driving the vehicle.Go on a trip to see how the car with your family to decide if it fits you well. This is an ideal way to determine if you’re comfortable with that type of car before you make the commitment to purchase.

Car shopping with knowledge will set you apart from your peers. Use the ideas within this article to be sure that you wind up with a car you are happy with. You’ll be sure to come out happy.

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